Mantis Shrimp / Squilla Mantis

 

 

 

  • They are around 400 species of mantis shrimp in the world and the most common ones you see is Squilla Mantis or in Cantonese “pissing shrimp”
  • Mantis shrimp – 2 types : Spearers / Smashers
  • Spearers are armed with spiny appendages topped with barbed tips, used to stab and snag prey
  • Both types strike by rapidly unfolding and swinging their raptorial claws at the prey and are capable of inflicting serious damage on victims significantly greater in size than themselves
  • They will chase their prey and literally tear them apart with their powerful claws before eating it
  • Squilla mantis is a species of mantis shrimp found in shallow coastal area
  • Mantis shrimp live is rock cavities or burrowing themselves in the mud on top of it
  • They found in tropical waters worldwide
  • They are carnivores and will eat just about anything and everything
  • They are expert at catching and killing prey, being very clever, stealthy hunters
  • They are masters at hiding
  • They are not related to shrimp
  • The spearers use their spear-like claw to silently stab soft tissued prey
  • Individuals grow up to 200mm (8in ) long
  • Some mantis shrimp can grow to around 1 foot in length
  • They are called a “mantis” shrimp due to the fact they resemble the appearance and have the same hunting characteristics of a praying mantis insect
  • Digs burrows in muddy and sandy bottoms near the coasts
  • It remains in its burrow during the day and comes out at night to hunt
  • Life cycle consists of egg stage, free swimming state, larval stage and then cycle to adulthood
  • Once reach adulthood it is very solitary
  • It doesn’t associate with other organisms unless it is good eats purposes or the other sex unless it is to reproduce
  • The male mantis shrimp and the female has to find one another then mate
  • Travel a great distance to find a partner or it may be next burrow over
  • A unique courtship might be applied to pick out the right mate
  • Once they have found each other the mantis shrimp would have to touch bellies and the sperm from the male would be released to be stored in the seminal receptacles of the female
  • The eggs are then released, fertilized, and brought back to the burrow
  • or they can be carried around under the female’s tail until they hatch
  • they may bond in monogamous long-term relationships (depend on the species)
  • they remain with the same partner for up to 20 years
  • they share same burrow, maybe able to coordinate their activities
  • In Japanese cuisine, the mantis shrimp is eaten boiled as a sushi topping or raw as sashimi called shako
  • Mantis shrimp is similar to regular shrimp ( some say lobster ) but much sweeter and slightly more flavorful